Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, nestled amidst the majestic mountain landscape of Ninh Binh province, is a testament to Vietnam’s rich Buddhist heritage. Furthermore, it is highly appreciated by both domestic and international tourists because of not only the peaceful and quiet atmosphere but also because it is an opportunity for them to admire a quintessential masterpiece of a bygone era. In addition to tranquility, Bai Dinh Pagoda also holds a precious position, boasting a series of records, including being one of the largest and oldest pagodas in the world. Furthermore, Bai Dinh Pagoda is also a cultural bridge, intertwining countless cultural features and hosting many famous Buddhist festivals in addition to traditional Vietnamese celebrations. This special signature makes Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh a magnet that attracts tourists as the pagoda is not simply a spiritual sanctuary but also a brilliant tapestry of cultural diversity and festivals.

Mentioning the name of Bai  Dinh Pagoda evokes deep emotions in many people, because it symbolizes the convergence of unique landscapes, leaving an indelible mark in the hearts of those who visit. Therefore, Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is committed to being a perfect destination, bringing a harmonious blend of historical depth, spiritual resonance, and the splendor of nature during your trip.

Bai Dinh Pagoda
Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh

Explore Bai Dinh Pagoda – a Sacred and Unique Spiritual Space in Ninh Binh.

1. Bai Dinh Pagoda History

Bai Dinh Pagoda in Vietnam is a complex of historical relics intertwined with the ebbs and flows of Vietnam’s journey from prehistoric times to the present day. The Bai Dinh Pagoda history unfolds as a protracted narrative, marked by numerous stages of impressive renovations, encompassing over a millennium of influence in Vietnam. This era, exceeding a thousand years, stands out as a prominent chapter in the widespread adoption of Buddhism in Vietnam and globally. Inheriting the essence of Buddhism accessible to humanity, combined with the visionary leadership of the Dinh, Ly, and Early Le dynasties, they collectively crafted an exceptional Buddhist masterpiece in the Hoa Lu region of Ninh Binh, once the capital of Vietnam under these three dynasties.

Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh holds profound significance as a sacred site for all of Vietnam, consistently serving as a sanctuary for bestowing blessings, prosperity, and health upon its people. Additionally, historical accounts suggest that during periods of conflict, when kings led troops in counter attacks against invaders, solemn sacrifices were conducted at the pagoda to seek divine blessings. Remarkably, such prayers were believed to bring about significant victories for the Vietnamese army and its people. Today, Bai Dinh Pagoda stands not only as a historical marvel but also as a perpetual source of inspiration, radiating spirituality and resilience across the landscapes of Vietnam.

Bai Dính Pagoda History
Bai Dinh Pagoda History

2. Architecture of Bai Dinh Pagoda complex

The architecture of Bai Dinh Pagoda complex  seamlessly integrates both modern and traditional pagoda complexes, harmoniously demonstrating the convergence of timeless architectural styles. The coexistence of traditional and modern trends in the complex reflects a single highlight: the profound nature of Buddhist architecture on a global scale. Spread over a large area, the pagoda consists of many floors and structures, with separate areas such as the temple grounds, Tam The pagoda part, Bai Dinh pagoda grounds, and many other notable works. The architecture has a seamless integration of columns, roofs, doors, and religious images, contributing to the unique charm of Bai Dinh Pagoda. The appeal of Bai Dinh Pagoda’s architecture includes a series of elements that are meticulously crafted, such as pagodas, Buddha statues, Quan monuments, memorials, Dharma talk stations, and merit stations—all are designed in the typical style of Vietnamese pagodas.

bai dinh pagoda in ninh binh
Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh

With religious significance, Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is also a place that preserves Vietnam’s rich history and culture, therefore, guests are allowed to admire exquisite works of art, and other precious artifacts are meticulously displayed in the temple. The surroundings of Bai Dinh Pagoda further enhance the visitor experience, The pagoda’s extensive gardens provide an attractive space for strolling amid lush greenery, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the atmosphere. A visit to the Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh complex promises more than just spiritual sanctity; it brings a feeling of peace and serenity. The unique combination of brilliant architecture and strategic geographical location on a high mountain has created a breathtaking landscape. From the summit, panoramic views open up, revealing the beauty of the surrounding fields, mountains, and rivers. With the synthesis of traditional and modern architecture, majestic scale, and deep respect for spirituality and culture, Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh has left an indelible mark in the hearts of the Vietnamese people and the international community.

Architecture of Bai Dinh Pagoda complex
Architecture of Bai Dinh Pagoda Complex

3. Bai Dinh Pagoda map

Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is a place with a favorable geographical location, so the map of Bai Dinh Pagoda is quite clear and easy to identify when you go here to visit. The map of Bai Dinh Pagoda will show you that this pagoda is located on Highway 38B, in Gia Sinh commune, Gia Vien district, Ninh Binh province, which is in the northern region of Vietnam. Besides, the map of Bai Dinh pagoda also shows that this pagoda is highly appreciated for its prime location as it is located on Bai Dinh mountain, a mountain with abundant feng shui elements as well as abundant feng shui element and landscape beauty. In addition, Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is also quite close to major locations in Vietnam as it is only about 100 km from Hanoi, which is the capital of Vietnam and the distance to the northern provinces of Vietnam is also not  too far.

bai dinh pagoda map
Bai Dinh Pagoda Map

4. What to explore at Bai Dinh Pagoda

4.1 Tam Quan Gate

The Tam Quan gate of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh was designed and built with the main material from four iron wood. This is a type of architecture with stacks of beds, beams, back seven, front seven, and armpit beams. The height of Tam Quan gate is 16.5m, 13.5m wide and 32m long.The most impressive point when taking a tour of Bai Dinh Pagoda that visitors can feel is that the 4 columns of the gate are made from four-tiered wood with a weight of 10 tons, the height of the columns is 13.85m and diameter reaches 0.87m.The selected trees are all very large in size. To be able to bring it here and build it is a huge feat. The middle column of the gate also includes 4 columns, each column has a diameter of 0.75m and a height of 11m.

In addition, the subcolumn also has 4 different sides, combined by 16 columns with a diameter of 0.65m and a height of 5m. All 24 columns are arranged on a square lotus-shaped stone with a height of 0.2m. The rock consists of 3 columns, the main column has a side of 1.4m, the middle column has a side of 1.2m and the sub-pillar has a side of 0.9m.The internal three-door gate of Bai Dinh Pagoda also has 3 roof floors. They are curved on 4 sides with the number of 12 roofs, using Bat Trang tube glazed tiles with dark brown color for roofing. The entire corner of the roof has a curved tip that looks like a phoenix, extremely beautiful and impressive.The roof of the roof is the appearance of two needles flanking the moon. The third floor of the three-entrance gate has a large relief in the back and front, with a middle space carved into it. In the middle is also the appearance of a Dharma wheel, with cloud patterns surrounding it.

ninh binh from hanoi
Tam Quan Gate

For tourists traveling to Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, they will see that this three-entrance gate has 3 gates including Vo gate, Huu gate on both sides and Dai gate located in the middle. These doors are installed on the outside with a 4-door nave with a width of 7.2m, each door is 3.8m high. The side compartment has 4 doors, each compartment is 6.3m wide, the door height is 3.8m.

4.2 Bell-tower

The bell tower of Bai Dinh Pagoda is built with reinforced concrete and imitation wood, architecturally in the style of an ancient bell tower, with gooseneck stacked beams, with floral patterns covering the beams. The bell tower of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh has 3 floors with 3 floors of gradually narrowing curved roofs, roofed with dark brown Bat Trang tube enamel tiles. The architecture of the bell tower of Bai Dinh Pagoda is octagonal, in the style of stacking matches, so there are a total of 24 curved roofs with 24 soaring curved roofs. The blade’s blade is in the style of flowers and leaves, symbolizing fertility and longevity. Each blade is 1.65m high. Under the blade’s roof are 2.3m high decorative cards to support the blade’s legs. At the top of the bell tower is a 3.5m high lotus bud-shaped tower. If counting the top, the bell tower of Bai Dinh Pagoda is nearly 22m high (1st floor 6.9m high, 2nd floor 8.61m high, 3rd floor 2.75m high). The tower’s inner diameter is 17m, counting to the base the diameter is 49m.

Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh
Bell-tower in Bai Dinh Pagoda

In the barn tower, each floor has 16 columns, including 8 main columns and 8 child columns. On the first floor, the main column is 16m high and 0.8m in diameter; The middle column is 8m high, 0.7m in diameter. In the barn tower of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, there are stairs going up to the floor on eight sides, 6.9m high for visitors to walk around and see the bell. The bell tower of Bai Dinh pagoda hangs a bronze bell weighing 36 tons. The quadrangular wooden hammer is 4.2m long, 0.3m in diameter, and weighs 500kg. This is also a bell tower with a large bell, currently “unique” in Vietnam.

4.3 Statues of 500 Arhats In the corridor

The rows of Arhat houses in Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh are all wooden architecture, in the style of stacking beds, front seven, back seven, roofed with dark brown Bat Trang tube glazed tiles, each compartment is 4.5m long, 4.5m wide, the The columns and trusses are all made of four-iron wood, each column is 4.05m high, with a column diameter of 0.4m. In addition to the corridors holding the statues of the Arhats, there are also 6 gates on both sides (3 gates on each side) to go in and out of the Arhat house, each gate has 3 compartments (the middle compartment is 4.5m wide, with 4 doors installed) made of ironwood on the outside, the two rooms are 3m wide on each side, and built with a closed wall on the outside). The gate’s columns are 7.6m high, 0.45m in diameter, each gate has 8 columns in two rows and 4 rafters. The height of the gate to the roof is 9.6m. Only the gates at the corners of the roof have bladed roofs. Each row of Arhat corridor houses is architectural from low to high, with 22 steps, each step is 1.35m high, so the columns at each step are 5.4m high. To make the two rows of Arhat corridors at Bai Dinh pagoda, it took the most, about 3,500 four-iron blocks of wood.

Statues of 500 Arhats
Statues of 500 Arhats

In those corridors, there are 500 monolithic Arhat statues. Each room only has 3 Arhat stone statues. These 500 Arhat stone statues were crafted by the hands of the most talented artisans of the stone craft village of Ninh Van commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province. The sculptors completed the work of creating models of 500 Arhats in one year (2004). It can be said that these are the 500 stone Arhats of Vietnam created by Vietnamese people, of course based on into Chinese outline. Therefore, these 500 Arhat statues of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh not be similar to the 500 Arhat statues of China in terms of details. Each statue has a different appearance, style, charisma, and mood, but all have in common the mixture of human pain with the immortal, noble spirit of the preacher. 500 La This Han Pagoda of Bai Dinh is big, tall, the whole pedestal is up to 2.5m high, different in shape and face, from eyes, nose, ears, mouth; Cheekbones, … no statue is the same. The technique of carving Arhat statues of Bai Dinh Pagoda here is meticulous, the lines are very elegant, flexible, soft and elaborate. In front of the 500 Arhat statues of Bai Dinh Pagoda, there are engraved names of each Venerable, in Vietnamese (top), Chinese (bottom) and numbered.

ninh binh day trip
Join Ninh Binh Day Trip from Hanoi

4.4 Buddha dharma lord temple

The Buddha Dharma lord Temple is located on a large area of land, creating an elegant and peaceful space. The temple was built on a high hill, thereby creating a beautiful and majestic scene. When entering the temple grounds, people will feel solemnity and respect for Buddhist beliefs. The architecture of the Buddha Dharma lord Temple  represents a combination of traditional Vietnamese architecture and sophistication in design. The temple is built from stone and wood, with motifs and patterns carved on the walls and pillars. The highlight of the architecture is the stone bridge leading into the temple, creating a unique image and attracting the attention of visitors.

Buddha dharma lord temple
Buddha dharma lord Temple in Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh

Inside the temple, there is a giant Buddha statue carved from stone, symbolizing the power and greatness of Buddhism. This statue is about 10 meters high and placed on a high stone pedestal, creating a strong impression. One can admire the Buddha statue from afar and feel the solemnity and peace in this space. Buddha Dharma lord Temple  is not only a place of worship and prayer, but also a popular tourist destination. Tourists from all over come here to admire the beauty of the project and seek tranquility and peace. In addition, the Buddha Dharma lord Temple  is also the place to organize important Buddhist festivals and rituals, attracting the attention and participation of a large number of people.

4.5 Ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda

Ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is one of the attractive and worth-exploring destinations in Vietnam. With its long history, unique architecture and sacred space, Bai Dinh Pagoda has attracted not only Buddhist followers but also domestic and foreign tourists. A special feature of ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda is its unique and beautiful architecture. The pagoda was built in traditional Vietnamese architectural style, combined with elements of Chinese architecture. The architectural works at ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh were built from limestone and wood, creating a solemn and respectful space. Soaring towers, welcoming gates and large Buddha statues are the highlights of this pagoda. In addition to unique architecture, ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda is also known for having the largest pagoda complex in Vietnam and its large scale. Asia’s largest scale. Ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is also associated with many mysteries and legends.

Ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda
Ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda

According to legend, the ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is a sacred place that can bring luck and peace to those who visit. With a sacred and peaceful space, ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda is an ideal place to find silence and reach within. Another interesting point of ancient Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is the surrounding natural landscape. The pagoda is located between an area of mountains and lakes, creating a beautiful and majestic backdrop. Visitors can visit and explore this natural landscape while visiting the temple.

4.6 Pearl Well

The Pearl  Well of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh was newly rebuilt in the place where the small Jade well existed nearly 1,000 years ago.Legend has it that this is a well created by monk Nguyen Minh Khong, who was given a dream by the gods to give the pagoda at the foot of the mountain a precious water source. The Jade Well of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh was rebuilt in the shape of a moon, very wide, nearly 30 m in diameter, deep. of water is 6m. Wellhead building stone railing. The land around the well is square, with an area of 6,000 square meters, 4 corners are 4 octagonal floors. If you want to go down to the well, you have to go through a beautiful stone gate. The courtyard of the Jade Well of Bai Dinh Pagoda is paved with stone, and around the yard are shaded tree basins. The strange thing about the Jade Well of Bai Dinh Pagoda is that, since ancient times, it was just a small earthen well that never ran out of water. The well water is clear and green all year round, drinking it feels refreshing and pleasant. Well water is used as water for offerings at temples in the past and today.

Pearl Well Bai Dinh Pagoda
Pearl Well in Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh

Now rebuilt, the well is so wide, but the water is always clear and abundant, even though the land here is higher than the field level. At the construction site of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, every day there are over 400 workers using water from Ngoc well for living, cooking, bathing, washing and mixing concrete mortar. The amount of water used to pump into the tank is very large, but the water well is always full and never runs dry.

5. Bai Dinh Pagoda photos

To provide you with a more comprehensive understanding of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, we have not only included a written description but also updated the content to include realistic pictures. This allows you to appreciate the intricate details of the pagoda and experience its masterpiece visually.

6. Bai Dinh Pagoda tour

Combined with visiting Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, you can visit other tourist attractions around the area. An interesting destination is the Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex, located not far from Bai Dinh Pagoda. Trang An is famous for its cave system, lakes and beautiful natural landscapes. You can join a boat tour to explore the beauty of this area. In addition, you can also visit other tourist destinations such as Hoa Lu – the ancient capital of Vietnam, Tam Coc – Bich Dong, and Cuc Phuong National Park – one of Vietnam’s first national parks.

The journey to experience Bai Dinh Pagoda is an extremely wonderful one. Besides exploring one of the largest pagodas in Vietnam and Southeast Asia, when participating in the Ninh Binh Day Trip from Hanoi, you also have the opportunity to experience and explore the world’s first scenic relic complex, recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural and Natural Heritage.

ninh binh day trip from hanoi
Explore Bai Dinh Pagoda with VM Travel

7. Bai Dinh Pagoda entrance fee

Currently, the management board of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh does not sell entrance tickets, visitors can freely enjoy the temple scenery on foot. Besides, the ticket price to visit Bai Dinh Pagoda will be the following items:

Tram ticket: 40.000 VND/person/turn (not required, can walk if healthy)

Bao Thap Pagoda: 50.000 VND/person

Hire a tour Guide: 400.000 VND/tour

From the parking lot of Bai Dinh Pagoda Tourist Area, if you walk, you will travel nearly 1km along the trail straight to the Bao Thien Tower area to begin the tour. Those who have bought tram tickets to visit Bai Dinh Pagoda can sit in the waiting area, then take the tram and travel 3.5km of asphalt road to go straight to the Tam Quan gate of Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh.

explore ninh binh with english driver
Explore Ninh Binh from Hanoi

8. How to get to Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh

To move to Bai Dinh Pagoda, visitors will have many options depending on their finances. If you like the feeling of traveling and exploring the surrounding scenery, you can choose to go by motorbike. In addition, if you want a driver or guide to take you safely to your destination, we think Hanoi to Ninh Binh by Private Car is not a bad means of transportation. To get to Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, you can choose one of the following means of transport and transportation:

Travel by motorbike or personal Car:

  • From Hanoi: You can go in the direction of National Highway 1A, via Phap Van – Cau Gie highway. Continue passing through Ninh Binh city and towards Gia Sinh commune. Bai Dinh Pagoda is located in Bai Dinh cave, about 15km from Ninh Binh city center.
  • From other provinces: Depending on your location, find the shortest route to Ninh Binh. Then, follow the road to Gia Sinh commune to reach Bai Dinh pagoda.
private car
Go to Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh by private Car

Traveling by Bus:

  • From Hanoi: You can go from Giap Bat bus station or Yen Nghia bus station to choose a bus to Ninh Binh. Travel time from Hanoi to Ninh Binh is about 2-3 hours. From Ninh Binh bus station, you can take a taxi or motorbike taxi to get to Bai Dinh pagoda.
  • From other provinces: Find the nearest bus station in your province and choose a bus to Ninh Binh. Then, from Ninh Binh bus station, you can travel to Bai Dinh Pagoda by taxi or motorbike taxi.

Travel by Train:

  • From Hanoi: You can choose train SE3 or SE7 from Hanoi station to Ninh Binh station. Travel time is about 2-3 hours. From Ninh Binh station, you can take a taxi or motorbike taxi to Bai Dinh pagoda.
  • From other provinces: Find the nearest train station in your province and choose a train to Ninh Binh. Then, from Ninh Binh station, you can travel to Bai Dinh Pagoda by taxi or motorbike taxi.

9. Best time to visit Bai Dinh Pagoda

To have the best experience when visiting Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, there are some special times that you should consider.

  • Spring (February to April): This time is when religious activities take place most enthusiastically at Bai Dinh Pagoda. In particular, on Buddha’s birthday (the fourth lunar month), the pagoda attracts thousands of people to make offerings and participate in religious festivals. Not only is there a solemn atmosphere, but you also have the opportunity to admire unique and beautiful traditional activities.
  • Autumn (September to November): At this time, Bai Dinh Pagoda is covered with colorful layers of changing leaves. The landscape around the pagoda becomes more beautiful and poetic than ever. You can walk along the paths in the forest, admire the wild scenery and breathe the fresh air of the mountains.
  • Winter (December to February): Winter at Bai Dinh Pagoda can be quite cold, but the landscape becomes more poetic with fog and frost. You can enjoy the chilly air, see the pagoda’s dim scenery in the mist, and enjoy the quiet space during this time.
ha noi to ninh binh
Best time to visit Ninh Binh – Bai Dinh Pagoda

10. Bai Dinh Pagoda Festival

One of the notable festivals at Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is the Yen Tu Festival which takes place in the third lunar month every year. This festival is held to commemorate and honor the abbot of Yen Tu – Venerable Tran Nhan Tong. During the festival, thousands of believers and tourists flock to Bai Dinh Pagoda to participate in religious activities, such as worshiping, worshiping and reciting prayers. In addition, there are traditional art performances such as musical instrument performances, lion dances and dragon dances to create a vibrant and exciting atmosphere.

Another equally interesting festival is the Tran Nhan Tong Festival which takes place in the 8th lunar month every year. This festival honors the king who ruled wisely and made great contributions to the country. During the festival, there are activities such as parades, plays and cultural exhibitions. Visitors can participate in religious activities and feel the joyful atmosphere of the festival.

Ninh Binh Festival
Ninh Binh Festival

In addition, Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh also organizes the Lunar New Year festival and other festivals such as Buddha’s Birthday festival, Vu Lan festival, and Zen festival. These festivals not only have religious significance but are also an opportunity for people and tourists to express their respect and spirituality.

With its rich and diverse festivals, Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh is not only a religious attraction but also a place to experience and explore Vietnamese culture. Visitors can enjoy the joyful atmosphere, participate in religious activities and enjoy traditional art performances. It is an opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of national beliefs and culture, as well as enjoy memorable experiences at Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh.

Hoa Lu Festival
Fesstival in Ninh Binh

However, no matter what time you choose to visit Bai Dinh Pagoda Ninh Binh, pay attention to the schedule and weather forecast for the best experience. Additionally, please comply with temple regulations and rituals to respect local culture and religion.