Vietnam

Vietnam – The land of dreams

Tourism is an important element of domestic economic activity, contributing 7.5% of the gross domestic product. Vietnam welcomed more than 12.9 million visitors in 2017, an increase of 29.1% over the previous year, making Vietnam one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in recent years. The majority of visitors to Vietnam in 2017 came from Asia, with an amount of 9.7 million. China (4 million), South Korea (2.6 million) and Japan (798,119) accounted for half of the number of international visitors in 2017. Vietnam also attracted a large number of visitors from Europe with nearly 1, 9 million visitors in 2017. Russia (574,164), United Kingdom (283,537), closely followed by France (255,396) and Germany (199,872) are the largest source of international visitors from Europe. Other important international visitors by nationality include the United States (614,117) and Australia (370,438).

The most visited destination in Vietnam is Ho Chi Minh City with 5.8 million international visitors, followed by Hanoi with 4.6 million and Ha Long, including Ha Long Bay with 4.4. million times. All three are ranked among the top 100 most visited cities in the world. Vietnam is home to 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the highest of all countries in Southeast Asia. In 2018, Travel + Leisure ranked Hoi An as the 15 best destinations in the world.

Vietnam is an S-shaped country in Southeast Asia, dating back to the Paleolithic period. According to ancient history, the first Hung king unified tribes in South Vietnam under a period of rule and began the first Vietnamese dynasty, the Hong Bang dynasty. The Hong Bang dynasty reigned over 2500 years. Ancient Vietnamese have struggled to separate from China for more than a millennium. The Nguyen Dynasty was the last monarchy before Vietnam collapsed and became a French colony in the mid-19th century. According to the Declaration of Independence from France in 1945, modern Vietnam was born. After the country’s victory against France in 1954, Vietnam was divided into two: the communist North and the South against communism led to the terrible Vietnam War. The United States intervened and supported South Vietnam but the war ended with the fall of Saigon and reunification in 1975. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam was established in July 1976.

Vietnam, a war-ravaged country, took time to recover until it opened to foreign tourists in 1997. In just a few years, Vietnam became a Southeastern tourist destination. New Asia. The timeless charm of Vietnam manifests itself in ancient royal cities, ancient towns, lush mountains, beautiful beaches, huge caves and bustling cities. One of the best tourist destinations in the world, a great balance between nature and man-made, traditional and modern.

Shopping (special)

Traditional Vietnamese clothes
Vietnam is a fairly conservative country due to its culture and religion. However, because of contact with many foreign tourists, the locals have accepted the Western way of dressing. Visiting temples and sacred places should still be dressed in solemn clothes, as this shows the utmost respect for the gods and goddesses.

Ao Dai is a traditional costume of Vietnamese women. The ao dai is a tight fitting outfit paired with long pants, both made from world-famous silk. The dress looks elegant and stylish – the perfect combination to represent Vietnamese women.

Vietnamese coffee

Vietnam is one of the major coffee producing countries in the world. Coffee was first introduced by the French in 1857 and after the Vietnam War, Vietnam became one of the most competitive Robusta coffee producers in the world, taken by big companies like Nestle (Nescafe). produce their coffee. Strong and fragrant Vietnamese coffee will be a great souvenir for coffee lovers.

Vietnamese tea

Another Vietnamese beverage is Vietnamese tea. Vietnam produces green tea, black tea and aromatic tea. Drinking tea can be considered a hobby of older Vietnamese but because tea has a lighter floral scent, many people also love Vietnamese tea.

Ethnic handicrafts

Ethnic handicrafts are one of the best souvenirs to buy in Vietnam. Ethnic minorities living in Vietnam make scarves, bags, textiles, furniture and other clothing items with very unique designs. Most of the ethnic handicrafts are found in the north of Vietnam, such as Sa Pa and Ha Giang.

Vietnam hats

Perhaps considered the Vietnamese symbol of international tourists, it is the conical hat. Straw hats or straw hats are often used by Vietnamese in this field because of their versatile uses because it can protect us from the scorching sun as well as when it rains.

Cuisine

Vietnamese cuisine can be divided into three main variants; Northern, Central and Southern cuisines.

Northern Vietnam cuisine is a delicate flavor and does not have any specific flavor, mainly light and balanced dishes. This is probably due to the cooler climate and less access to spices. Some famous dishes of North Vietnam are Bun cha, pho with grilled pork; Vietnam’s famous Pho, pho and crab soup are called Bun Rieu.

While in Central Vietnam, due to its mountainous terrain, there are many more special spices and cuisines than in the North and the South of Vietnam. As an ancient capital, Hue cuisine is the most interesting in central Vietnam. The dishes are colorful, elaborately decorated, reflecting the influences of the last royal dynasty in Vietnam. Hue Beef Vermicelli is one of the famous dishes of Central Vietnam originating from Hue city and Banh Kho or Pancake, pancakes stuffed with shrimp, pork, sausages and bean sprouts with peanut sauce.

Southern Vietnamese cuisine is more vibrant and richer thanks to the abundance of fresh herbs. Foods in southern Vietnam tend to be sweeter than central and northern Vietnam because sugar is often added to foods. This is where the famous Bread originated and was also popularized by the Southern people when they migrated during the Indochina War of France and the Vietnam War.

Things to know before you travel

Passport

According to the regulations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Vietnam, citizens of the following countries will stay in Vietnam without a visa:

  • Visa-free for 90-day trip: Chile
  • Visa exemption for 30-day travel: Cambodia, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos, Kyrgyzstan
  • Visa-free travel for 21 days: Philippines
  • Visa exemption for 15-day trips: Korea, Japan, Russia, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Belarus
  • Visa exemption for 14-day trip: Brunei Darussalam, Myanmar, Vietnam eVisa

To apply for Vietnam e-visa, follow these 3 easy steps:

Submit your personal information on the official e-Visa website: https://evisa.xuatnhapcanh.gov.vn
Electronic visa fee payment (USD 25) with credit / debit card
Download the e-visa code after 3 working days via the E-Visa Result Page: https://evisa.xuatnhapcanh.gov.vn/tra-cuu-thi-thuc[/tg_alert_box]

Vietnam e-Visa is available for citizens of the following 80 countries:

  • Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Chile, China (including passports Hong Kong and Macao), Denmark, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal , Philippines, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Salomon Islands, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Timor Leste, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom , USA, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Western Samoa.
    Vietnam visa on arrival

For multiple entries and over 30 days of stay in Vietnam, Visa Vietnam is upon arrival. The following requirements must be presented at the Vietnam Immigration Office at the airport:

  • Passport photo 4×6 with white background and no glasses
  • A complete visa application form
  • Passport or replacement ID is valid for six months from the date you intend to enter Vietnam
  • Pay (USD 25 to USD 50) for visa fees and Approval Letter from Vietnam embassy or consulate

Climate

Vietnam has 2 types of climate; tropical mainly applies to the Central to the South of the country and temperate zone applies to Northern Vietnam. Need to plan your trip and be aware of the type of climate your city is traveling to. The northern part of Vietnam has 4 seasons while the central and southern parts are mostly dry season.

Money

The Vietnamese Dong is the official currency of Vietnam. 1 USD is equivalent to VND 23,000. There are many establishments that accept credit and debit cards but please note that they will require an additional 3% transaction fee. It is still best to bring Vietnamese dong everywhere.

ATMs are available everywhere in the country, even in smaller towns. The maximum withdrawal amount per transaction is usually 3,000,000 VND, about 130 USD. Some banks have the maximum daily withdrawal amount of VND 10,000,000. Each Vietnamese bank has different transaction fees, some with a percentage depending on the amount being withdrawn and some with a fixed rate like 25,000 per transaction.



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